The Hebrew Language,

Grammar and Syntax


Journals & Newsletters

The Journal of Hebrew Scriptures.


Hebrew in General

Hebrew Syntax Encoding Initiative. Kirk Lowery & Vincent DeCaen. This site is deals with research in establishing a syntactic database with corresponding search engine for Biblical Hebrew and Aramaic syntacticians and discourse analysts.

The About - Judaism. This site contains links to Hebrew Language learning.

Ancient Hebrew Research Center. This site claims to: Search and study the available resources for uncovering and revealing the original Hebrew alphabet, language and culture; Accurately and objectively document the research and sources; Organize and prepare the documentation in a clear and informative format; Present the published material through the web site, books, e-mail, seminars and speaking engagements.

Rambi: The Index of Articles on Jewish Studies. The Jewish National and University Library.

Why Study Hebrew and the History of the Hebrew Language (Lee Martin)


Hebrew Grammars Online

A Concise Linguistic e-Introduction to Classical Hebrew. Vincent Decaen.

Rules for Analyzing Hebrew Verbs. Ralph W. Klein.

Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar. (GKC). This file is as yet incomplete.


Hebrew Lexicons Online

My Hebrew Dictionary. A modern Hebrew dictionary by Jacob Richman.

Semantics of Ancient Hebrew Database. A cooperative research project involving an number of European centers with coordination provided by Leiden. Chair Exe. Com. is Takamitsu Muraoka. It is not the aim of the project to add a new kind of dictionary to the already existing ones, nor to tackle a semantic study on the basis of a special method or methods. Its purpose is to prepare a tool which can be a useful inducement to further semantic research. It will provide a badly needed survey of the results and arguments found in scholarly literature. Thus it will prevent for everyone who uses it the loss of valuable time. Moreover it is planned in such a way that it will be clear not only what work has already been done, but also which workable way of approach has not been used for the study of the lexeme in question. In this way it will stimulate future research by drawing attention to what needs to be done and it will act as a stimulus to fresh, original research. It goes without saying that particularly research in which modern types of approach are used will be encouraged.

The Old Testament Hebrew Lexicon. The Old Testament Hebrew Lexicon is Brown, Driver, Briggs, Gesenius Lexicon; this is keyed to the "Theological Word Book of the Old Testament." These files are considered public domain.

A Comparative database of Semitic Languages. This site is the first part of the Semitic etymological dictionary by A. Militarev and L. Kogan and by now contains about 400 roots pertaining to the anatomy of man and animals.


Hebrew Bibles & Helps

Jewish Publication Society Bible. This site has the Massoretic, Hebrew, Aramaic, JPS, and Kaplan versions online. Special fonts are necessary.

Interactive Hebrew Text Project. Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam. This is a pilot project designed to investigate the viability of creating an interactive web site where users can choose how they want to see the Hebrew text (and comments). Users can turn lines on and off, choose various levels of detail per line and adjust other display properties to learn more about the macro- and micro-structure of Hebrew texts.

Navigating the Bible II: Online bar/bat mitzvah tutor. This site includes the Hebrew text, translation, transliteration and chanting of the Torah.

Hebrew Cantillation Marks And Their Encoding. Helmut Richter. A short description of the Hebrew cantillation marks and their usage for structuring the Bible text is given. The problems of their representation in modern character codes are briefly outlined. The article contains also tables with the Unicode and the Michigan-Claremont codings of the cantillation marks. Cantillation, which obviously is the purpose of cantillation marks, is not treated here.

A Brief History of the Hebrew Bible (Debra E. Anderson).

A fully voweled and punctuated Torah, Prophets and Writings (the whole TaNaKh) text according to the Allepo Codex.

The Hebrew Text of the Tanach

Project "eL" The XML Leningrad Codex (Kirk Lowery & Patrick Durusau) The goal of the XML Leningrad Codex markup project is to produce a fresh, from scratch "mirror image" of the Leningrad Codex of the Hebrew Bible, encoded at the character/glyph level in UNICODE, which will be suitable for use in "XML-aware" applications (word processors, database engines, web-applications). Such an encoded text can be used for an infinite variety of purposes and will allow for collaborative projects via the Internet to "pyramid" knowledge, encourage the "reuse" of basic data and analysis, extend the value of limited human and financial resources, and reduce duplication of effort.

Les Manuscrits de L'Ancien Testament

Hebrew Bible for Palm PDA

Bible for the Palm Pilot

Olive Tree Bible Software

Biblia Hebraica Quinta.

Biblia Hebraica Quinta: Notes on the Preliminary Edition. David J. A. Clines. An unpublished paper discussing the new edition of the Hebrew Bible.

Biblia Hebraica Quinta and the Making of Critical Editions of the Hebrew Bible. Richard D. Weis. TC: A Journal of Biblical Textual Criticism, Volume 7 (2002).